Support of SDNRP to Social Development Activities

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Mining for Sustainable Development of Afghanistan

Resettlement Action Plan for Five Villages at Aynak Copper Mines

January 2012



Afghanistan is a landlocked and mountainous country located in south-central Asia. It has border with Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast. The coordinates of Afghanistan are between latitudes 29° and 39° N, and longitudes 60° and 75° E. The climate varies by region and tends to change quite rapidly. Afghanistan is administratively divided into 34 provinces (wilayats), with each province having a capital and a governor in office. The provinces are further divided into about 398 smaller provincial districts, each of which normally covers a city or a number of villages. Each provincial district is represented by a sub-governor, usually called a district governor.

The medium and long term economic development potential of the mineral and hydrocarbon sectors is greater than any other sector in Afghanistan’s economy. Geological survey work covering only approximately 10% of the country has indicated a rich store of mineral resources. Most notably, Afghanistan possesses massive reserves of copper and iron ore. There are abundant deposits of decorative and precious stone as well as coal, gold, and other minerals; and construction materials such as sand and gravel. Afghanistan's proven gas reserves amount at 82.5 billion cubic meters of gas and over 70 million barrels of oil; these figures however are more than 20 years old and considered conservative.

The Aynak copper project is the first major mining project in the country.   The success of this project will be the harbinger of other important foreign investments in the country particularly in the mining and infrastructure sector.  It is located in Logar province which has one of the highest poverty and unemployment rates in the country. This project will lead to major social and economic development in the area besides bringing in revenue to the government. It will also be a source of employment generation and skill development for the local communities. For the purpose of starting the mining operations, there are 5 villages in the vicinity of mine area which need to be relocated. People are living in only 2 out of these five villages. Rest of the villages were abandoned long ago and people have migrated to Pakistan or other parts of the country. 

The World Bank is not funding any part of the Aynak mining projects but provides Technical Assistance only to the Ministry of Mines. The Ministry has however, committed to follow the WB Operational Policies for involuntary resettlement in its mining contract with MCC for the Aynak site. The MoM is striving hard to do so, and Aynak RAP is a pilot for MoM (and the Afghan Government) in how to follow and document a legally guided land acquisition process and develop good practices in connection with resettlement. This pilot provides important leassons for future projects in the mining sector. Details 


Work progress on resettlement process of Ayank mining area

Report on Training workshop on “Social and Environmental Issues of Mining

SIA for Aynak Tailings Pond

Resettlement Action Plan for Five Villages at Aynak Copper Mines

Monthly Report May 2012

Monthly Report April 2012

Resettlement Process of Project Affected Persons at Aynak 

Setting up of Social & Environment Department in the Ministry of Mines

Social Policy Guidelines for Mining Sector in Afghanistan

Aynak Resettlement Action Plan

Initial Questionnaire for Project Affected People

MoU between Ministry of Mines and Ministry of Information and Culture

Aynak Social Development in pictures

Progress of Social Activities under SDNRP from September 2010 to February 2012

Three party MoU between MOM, IDLG and Logar Governorate (Dari)